From top: Addis Ababa City Skyline, Addis Ababa Light Rail Vehicle, Friendship Square, Night view of Addis Ababa Light Rail transport, spelled Finfine in official web site of Oromia Supreme Court (. [12] For instance, Baeda Maryam I (1468-1478) set up royal court in nearby Gurage country from his initial place of reign and birthplace Debre Berhan, which would have encompassed this general region. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Christian churches and temples : Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (Lutheran World Federation), Ethiopian Kale Heywet Church, Ethiopian Catholic Archeparchy of Addis Abeba (Catholic Church), Ethiopian Full Gospel Believers' Church[55] and also Muslim mosques. This permanent fortified city was established during the early-to-mid 15th century, and it served as the main residence of several successive emperors up to the early 16th-century reign of Lebna Dengel. In 1994 the predominant religion was also Ethiopian Orthodox with 82.0% of the population, while 12.7% were Muslim, 3.87% Protestant, and 0.78% Catholic. Conveniently situated at the heart of the city and 5 minutes drive from the airport, the hotel puts you right in the middle of the urban action. (2007) (2015) Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (web). There is also Menelik's old Imperial palace which remains the official seat of government, and the National Palace formerly known as the Jubilee Palace (built to mark Emperor Haile Selassie's Silver Jubilee in 1955) which is the residence of the President of Ethiopia. Province: Addis Ababa Zone 5 Time Zone: Africa/Addis_Ababa: GMT/UTC: + 3 hours DST: + 3 hours *GMT/UTC - Standard Time Zone *DST - Daylight Saving Time Geographic information. Just Opening our hotel provides the modern expectations of today whilst retaining the feel and ambience of modern age. This situation forced the EPRDF-led Federal Government to assign a temporary administration until a new election was carried out. About the US embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As such the climate would be maritime if its elevation was not taken into account, as no month is above 22 °C (72 °F) in mean temperatures. [39], As of the latest 2007 population census conducted by the Ethiopian national statistics authorities, Addis Ababa has a total population of 2,739,551 urban and rural inhabitants. Other features of the city include the large Mercato market, the Jan Meda racecourse, Bihere Tsige Recreation Centre and a railway line to Djibouti. Several roads connect it to other major cities; the only railway runs to Djibouti. It continues to serve as the seat of Parliament today. The long wet season is from June to mid-September; it is the major winter season of the country. It is the site of Addis Ababa University (1950) and contains several teacher-training colleges and technical schools. The major ethnic groups included the Amhara (48.3%), Oromo (30.2%), Gurage (13.5%; 2.3% Sebat Bet, and 0.8% Sodo), Tigrayan 7.64%, Silt'e 3.98%, and foreigners from Eritrea 1.33%. Prior, the Ethiopian delegation … African Union (AU), intergovernmental organization, established in 2002, to promote unity and solidarity of African states, to spur economic development, and to promote international cooperation. An on-going formation workshop of Capuchin Brothers of Mary Kidanemeheret Province was held from October 5-9, 2020 in Addis Ababa, Capuchin retreat and re-search center. The central focus was the emperor’s palace, which was surrounded by the dwellings of his troops and of his innumerable retainers. [ONLINE] Available at: "Census 2007 Tables: Addis Abeba", Tables, 8.7, 8.8, J. 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[5] According to the 2007 census, the city has a population of 2,739,551 inhabitants. The United States Provides Over $37 Million to Ethiopia for COVID-19 Response. [51], Addis Ababa Zoo kept 15 lions in 2011. Addis Ababa, December 9, 2020 (FBC) – Ethiopian Ambassador to China, Teshome Toga, yesterday met with Yi Lianhong, Governor of Chinese Jiangxi Province. The most popular spectator sport is football (soccer). Ethiopia has often been called the original home of mankind because of various humanoid fossil discoveries like the Australopithecine Lucy. Addis Ababa, August 4, 2020 - The U.S. government has donated a shipment of 250 state-of-the-art ventilators and other critical care equipment to assist Ethiopia with its response to COVID-19. Ethiopian and Chinese officials monitored the launch from a command and control center set up in the outskirts of the capital Addis Ababa. The African Union (AU) replaced the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The city is served by Addis Ababa Bole International Airport, where a new terminal opened in 2003. The Mayor of Addis Ababa is Engineer Takele Uma Benti from the Oromo Democratic Party, ODP formerly Oromo People Democratic Organisation (OPDO), which is the member of the ruling coalition Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Addis Ababa’s manufactures include textiles, shoes, food, beverages, wood products, plastics, and chemical products. This also allowed its railway to Djibouti to remain intact. Addis Ababa has a distinct architectural style. As a result, Mr. Berhane Deressa, an independent citizen, was appointed. Published: 03-11-2020 Published: 03-11-2020 Spiritual song produced by the youth of Mekanissa Parish. ", "Ethiopia building a Financial District in Addis Ababa", "Ethiopia Capital City, About Addis Ababa Tourism and Travel", "INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MULTI-NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS: Addis Ababa Ring Road Project – A Case Study of a Chinese ...", "Railway Gazette: Chinese funding for Addis Abeba light rail", "Ethiopia: Addis' sister cities, historical ties", https://www.telegraph.co.uk/films/loving/ruth-negga-profile/, Istituto Statale Italiano Omnicomprensivo di Addis Abeba, International Community School of Addis Ababa, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Addis_Ababa&oldid=1002882803, 1886 establishments in the Ethiopian Empire, Articles with dead external links from July 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Articles with disputed statements from May 2009, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 January 2021, at 13:28. It is home to Addis Ababa University. [20][21] The research indicated that genetic diversity decreases steadily the farther one's ancestors travelled from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.[22][23]. Many times we have the information of a pharmacy, but we don't have the email or telephone, which makes it much more difficult to obtain clients, if you detect that the information of your business is in our database of Pharmacies in Addis ababa and you are missing this data, contact us and send us your information for us to update. There were only limited changes in Addis Ababa between 1941 and 1960, but development has been impressive since then. Mid-November to January is a season for occasional rain. 3,384,569 people are living in Addis Ababa (as of 2008). November 2, 2020. Upon completion, the east–west line will run from Ayat to the Torhailoch ring-road, and from Menelik Square to Merkato Bus Station, Meskel Square and Akaki.[61]. Most of Ethiopia’s service industries are also located in the city. It is located on a well-watered plateau surrounded by hills and mountains, in the geographic centre of the country. The city is home to the Ethiopian National Library, the Ethiopian Ethnological Museum (and former Guenete Leul Palace), the Addis Ababa Museum, the Ethiopian Natural History Museum, the Ethiopian Railway Museum and National Postal Museum. As the population increased, firewood became scarce. The minibus taxis are typically operated by two people, the driver and a weyala who collects fares and calls out the taxi's destination. Prior to the establishment of present-day Addis Ababa the location was called Finfinne in the Oromo language, which attests the presence of hot springs. The best way to get from Addis Ababa to Bahar Dar Province costs only $200 and takes just 1¾ hours. The city also has numerous public universities and private colleges including Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Admas University College, St. Mary's University, Unity University, Kotebe Metropolitan University and Rift Valley University. Addis Ababa: County/Province/District (Name of): n/a: Sub-national State: n/a: Country: Ethiopia: Language: English: Spatial Distinction: Urban: Level of Government: City: Population: 4,215,965: Population Range: 1 million - 4.99 million: Policy Type: Plans: Food Systems Sector(s): The religion with the most believers in Addis Ababa is Ethiopian Orthodox with 74.7% of the population, while 16.2% are Muslim, 7.77% Protestant, and 0.48% Catholic. Addis Ababa. [13] The city was depicted standing between Mounts Zikwala and Menegasha on a map drawn by the Italian cartographer Fra Mauro in around 1450, and it was razed and plundered by Ahmed Gragn while the imperial army was trapped on the south of the Awash River in 1529, an event witnessed and documented two years later by the Yemeni writer Arab-Faqih. Europeans have used the names Ethiopia and Abyssinia interchangeably for the country in this location. Addis Ababa (Amharic: አዲስ አበባ, Addis Abäba IPA: [adˈdis ˈabəba] (listen), "new flower"), also known as Finfinne[4] (Oromo: Finfinne "natural spring"), is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa was the capital of Italian East Africa from 1936 to 1941. [dubious – discuss]. From its lowest point, around Bole International Airport, at 2,326 metres (7,631 ft) above sea level in the southern periphery, Addis Ababa rises to over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) in the Entoto Mountains to the north. Entoto is one of a handful of sites put forward as a possible location for a medieval imperial capital known as Barara. Addis Ababa, also spelled Addis Abeba, capital and largest city of Ethiopia. The city was liberated by Major Orde Wingate and negus Haile Selassie for Ethiopian Gideon Force and Ethiopian resistance in time to permit Emperor Haile Selassie's return on 5 May 1941, five years to the day after he had left. However, that structure was changed by the federal constitution in 1995 and as a result, Addis Ababa does not have statehood status. 2010. According to Tia Goldenberg of IOL, area spa professionals said that some people have labelled the city, "the spa capital of Africa. Kolfe was mentioned in Nelson Mandela's Autobiography "A Long Walk to Freedom", as the place he got military training. Every day, a good part of the 2757729 inhabitants of Addis ababa go out to make purchases in supermarkets in this part of the world. The Entoto Mountains start among the northern suburbs. The taxis are usually minibuses that can seat at most twelve people, which follow somewhat pre-defined routes. Although all Ethiopian ethnic groups are represented in Addis Ababa because it is the capital of the country, the largest groups include the Amhara (47.0%), Oromo (19.5%), Gurage (16.3%), Tigrayan (6.18%), Silt'e (2.94%), and Gamo (1.68%). Various luxury services have also become available and the construction of shopping malls has recently increased. The high elevation moderates temperatures year-round, and the city's position near the equator means that temperatures are very constant from month to month. Each WAF city is linked to several peer cities and public and private partners to create a unique international coalition. Several international organizations have their headquarters in the city; the most important are the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, both located in Africa Hall. A financial district is under construction in Addis Ababa. Addis Ababa, Amsterdam: See 133 unbiased reviews of Addis Ababa, rated 4.5 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #549 of 4,375 restaurants in Amsterdam. The shells appeared to be coming from surrounding areas, said a humanitarian official in Addis Ababa, who fielded reports from staffers … Updates? The route is a 34.25-kilometre (21.28 mi) network with two lines; the operational line running from the center to the south of the city. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Headquarters of the Ethiopian Federal Police, Light rail overpass at Mexico Square, Addis Ababa. Addis Ababa originally had a railway connection with Djibouti City, with a picturesque French style railway station, but this route has been abandoned. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... How well do you know your African capitals? Jubilee Palace was also modelled after Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom. For this project, China Road and Bridge Corporation (CRBC) was the partner of Addis Ababa City Roads Authority (AACRA). Addis Ababa is the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and the African Union. Addis Ababa. [citation needed] The autumn which follows is a transitional period between the wet and dry seasons. 1 of 1942 and later amendments. [38] The city has a complex mix of alpine climate zones, with temperature differences of up to 10 °C (18 °F), depending on elevation and prevailing wind patterns. The totals of 2007 and 2015 include 96,754 and 118,000 persons, respectively, living in the special enumeration areas Moyale, Afdem, Meda Welabu and Mulo. Other nobility and their staff and households settled in the vicinity, and Menelik expanded his wife's house to become the Imperial Palace which remains the seat of government in Addis Ababa today. Initially, Taytu built a house for herself near the "Filwoha" hot mineral springs, where she and members of the Showan Royal Court liked to take mineral baths. The construction of the Addis Ababa Ring Road was initiated in 1998 to implement the city master plan and enhance peripheral development. Sedan taxis work like normal taxis, and are driven to the desired destination on demand. The city was thus founded in 1887 and was named Addis Ababa (“New Flower”) by the empress. The city is very important and represents Ethiopia internationally which is why the U.S.A. choose it as location for one of their embassies. 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