A similar appreciation of blur is expressed by Graham Bush in his edition of the photographs of old and threatened sites in London by Henry Dixon and the brothers Alfred and John Bool: “The photographs often contain activity. 76-77, 115. Reproduced from the photogravure edition of 1900, Old Closes and Streets: A Series of Photogravures 1868-1899. In the volumes on the country houses, the old College of Glasgow, and the Loch Katrine Water Works, the texts, as noted earlier, are by others. Merci, nous transmettrons rapidement votre demande à votre bibliothèque. Ray McKenzie, “Landscape in Scotland: Photography and the Poetics of Place,” in, Margaret Harker, “From Mansion to Close,” p. 91. (David Bate, “Illuminating Annan,”, , 3 [Spring/Summer, 1989], p. 19; Anita Ventura Mozley, Introduction to the 1977 Dover Publications edition, p. vi; Margaret Harker, “From Mansion to Close: Thomas Annan, Master Photographer,” p. 94), On these characteristics, see Robert Evans, “History in Albumen, Carbon, and Photogravure: Thomas Annan’s Old Glasgow,” in, Nineteenth-Century Photographs and Architecture. There is disagreement among the scholars even on the number of copies of the 1900 edition. [...] Interesting as these gum prints may be, I am rather inclined to believe that the most perfect work has been and will be done in pure photography, for the reason that by pure photography one may reproduce objects, with all their contours, tones, and modelling with absolute fidelity.” (“Photography as a Means of Artistic Expression,” in William Buchanan, ed., J. Craig Annan: Selected Texts and Bibliography [see endnote 31 above], pp. Albumen print. 378-79 (July 1, 1857) in, By 1856, when Nathaniel Hawthorne, then U. S. Consul in Liverpool, visited the city, he commented on the “wide and regular” streets, the statuary in George Square and the “handsome houses and public edifices of a dark grey stone” in the newer sections, while on a second visit the following year he declared himself “inclined to think the newer portion of Glasgow [...] the stateliest of cities. Mar 23, 2019 - Thomas Annan (1829 -1887) was the son of a Fife farmer and flax spinner and lived for most of his life in Glasgow. Fisher’s three-part catalogue of The Old Closes and Streets in Scottish Photography Bulletin, Part I (Spring 1987), 4-8 (p. 5). P. Walch and T. F. Barnes (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1986), pp. According to Carol Foreman, the area affected covered 90 acres, with a population of 50,000. “The Act empowered the Corporation to form thirty-nine new streets and to realign twelve others; to compulsorily acquire old properties and demolish them; to dispose of the ground released on lease or feu; and to control rebuilding. The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow 93 Alarmed by the threat to all the city’s inhabitants—the well-to-do as well as the poor—from the filth, crime and disease at its very heart, the generally progressive city fathers moved to remedy the situation. Exploiting the desperate needs of impoverished immigrants, landlords turned the old multi-story townhouses (as Engels noted, “the houses in Scottish towns are generally four, five or six stories high”). The author apologized in his Preface for the gruesome picture his book presented of “the condition of the poor, and the classes generally inhabiting the lower depths of society,” but insisted on its honest and unembellished realism. [...] It is the absolute Particular.”134, Photography’s Referent is not the same as the referent of other systems of representation. “The creation of records, substitutions and reproductions has been an important human ambition, and industry has historically seen the invention of a great variety of utilitarian machines and processes. Engraved by Annan from Photographs taken for...City of Glasgow Improvement Trust. Graphic Arts Collection, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. Sontag quotes with approval a remark by Princeton photographer Emmet Gowin: “Photography is a tool for dealing with things everybody knows about but isn’t attending to. The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow was created between 1868 and 1871 as part of a commission from the City of Glasgow Improvements Trust. [...] Documentary photography has been much more comfortable in the company of moralism than wedded to a rhetoric or program of revolutionary politics.” Ultimately, “the exposé, the compassion and outrage of documentary fueled by the dedication to reform has shaded over into combinations of exoticism, tourism, voyeurism...”128. [...]. and ed. Taurus, 2007), p. 38. Cover design. Annan’s best-known, most widely admired, and also most problematical work is the collection of photographs entitled The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow. In a selection of Annan’s photographs of Glasgow, James McCarroll compares Annan to Jacob Riis in his depiction of slum life: “His views of the closes are genuinely moving and full of pathos. 6:16 Thomas Annan, “Close, No. Buy Photographs of the Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow, 1868-77 Fifth Edition by Annan, Thomas, Moxley, Anita V. (ISBN: 9780486234427) from Amazon's Book Store. 157-71. 134 Roland Barthes, Camera Lucida, trans. The Exchange and other public buildings, and the shops in Buchanan Street are very magnificent; the latter especially excelling those of London.” But when he went into the old city to view the University, he was appalled. Cf. 811-832. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/chol9780521417075, . Midnight Scenes and Social Photographs, Being Sketches of Life in the Streets, Wynds and Dens of the City, (Fig. Julie Lawson, “The Problem of Poverty and the Picturesque,” p. 40. The book of the month for March features the Glasgow photographer Thomas Annan's The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow. Then, in 1862, the Glasgow Police Act allowed the municipality to regulate small dwelling places (under 3,000 cubic feet), assess the maximum number of inhabitants permitted in each (on the basis of 300 cubic feet per adult and 150 cubic feet per child), “ticket” the dwelling accordingly with a tinplate disc screwed to the door and have the sanitary police carry out inspections during the night to ensure that the “ticketed” maximum had not been overstepped.77 Apparently this measure was not effective, for it was decided only three years later to proceed to a complete demolition of the dilapidated, overcrowded and filthy tenements as the only effective remedy. 83 The passage quoted concerning the second album was put together from the Glasgow Town Council minutes for 15 July 1877 and cited by Fisher, p. 6, and by Anita Ventura Mozley in her Introduction to the 1977 Dover Publications edition of The Old Closes and Streets (Thomas Annan: Photographs of the Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow 1868/1877, with a Supplement of 15 Related Views [New York: Dover Publications, 1977]), p. v. For the numbers of sets produced, William Buchanan proposed a figure of “probably four” in 1871 and sixty in 1878 in his entry on Annan in John Hannavy’s Encyclopedia of Nineteenth Century Photography, vol. Date 1868. Though “the ‘Photographs’ present a tone painfully dark and gloomy [...], they are not creations of the brain, but so far as the writer’s knowledge of the art extends — they are truthful [...]; as they occurred, so have they been given.”. It was “in a dense part of the town, and a very old and shabby part, too,” he noted in his diary for May 10th, 1856. This means that when we see the images of distressed people, feeding clinics and starving babies, we are seeing the end result of a collective inability to picture causes and context.” (http://www.david-campbell.org/2011/07/16/thinking-images-v-20-famine-iconography-failure/) See also Walter Benjamin, “Little History of Photography”: “The creative in photography is its capitulation to fashion. 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